The court also awarded Ms. Volochkova 190,000 rubles (about $6,500) in back pay and damages. Salaries at the Bolshoi are small, but soloists receive substantial payment for each performance. She had sued for one ruble in moral damages, saying she did not want to take money from the state — the theater is overseen by the Ministry of Culture — but just wanted to make a point.
The Bolshoi had no comment. Its lawyer, Dmitry Lobachyov, said it might appeal the decision. “We regard it as unjust,” he said.
Despite the ruling, Ms. Volochkova said she was not hopeful of a fast return to the Bolshoi stage.
Russia’s Labor Ministry had recommended in September that the Bolshoi take Ms. Volochkova back. The theater ignored the instruction and said it would take her back only if compelled and only as a formality.
The Bolshoi fired Ms. Volochkova on Sept. 16 after she turned down a new contract. Bolshoi officials accused her of being unwieldy onstage, both too tall and too heavy for male soloists, who, they said, refused to dance with her. Ms. Volochkova has said that she weighs 109 pounds. She was measured at 5 feet 6 inches tall by The New York Times, but she refused to be weighed. She said the Bolshoi was simply wanted an excuse to fire her.
Although she has her fervent fans, her detractors accused Ms. Volochkova, who has blond fashion-model looks, of being an outsider who influenced the Bolshoi’s administration with the financial support her admirers gave the company.
Reports at the time quoted Anatoly Iksanov, the director of the Bolshoi Theater, as saying that Ms. Volochkova’s longtime partner, Yevgeny Ivanchenko, had been injured while dancing with her and quit the theater before a scheduled performance with her in “Swan Lake” in September. She contended that he was forced out.