A lawsuit against energy company Unocal, which alleged enslavement of residents during an Asian pipeline contract, has been approved by a California judge

A California judge on Tuesday kept alive a human rights lawsuit that claims energy giant Unocal Corp. should be held liable for the alleged enslavement of local residents during construction of a gas pipeline in Southeast Asia.

The lawsuit alleges that during the 1990s soldiers in Myanmar, a politically isolated country formerly known as Burma, forced male villagers to help build the $1.2 billion Yadana pipeline into Thailand. El Segundo-based Unocal was a minority partner in the project.

Plaintiffs’ lawyers representing 14 anonymous residents also alleged that soldiers murdered a baby, raped women and girls and forced people out of their homes to clear the pipeline’s route.

The case against the oil and gas giant is considered a key test among human rights activists seeking to hold multinational corporations responsible in U.S. courts for alleged atrocities committed abroad. On Tuesday, Superior Court Judge Victoria Gerrard Chaney ruled the case can proceed to a jury trial.

“Unocal is going to have to stand before a jury of 12 people and defend the despicable conduct which literally destroyed the lives of tens of thousands,” plaintiffs’ attorney Dan Stormer said.

Daniel Petrocelli, Unocal’s lead attorney, said Chaney’s ruling made it unclear how the case would proceed. But he said Unocal also would now seek to have “false allegations” regarding the dead baby tossed from the suit, along with certain other aspects of the case.

In her decision, Chaney rejected Unocal’s arguments that the case be dismissed because the company’s subsidiaries should have been the legal targets. Unocal also has denied that human rights abuses occurred during the project.

Earlier this year, Chaney sided with Unocal when she ruled that the company’s overseas subsidiaries, which built and operate the pipeline, should have been sued instead, because they were real entities that could be held liable. The statute of limitations to sue the subsidiaries involved in the project has expired.

Unocal had argued that the case should be dismissed following Chaney’s earlier ruling.

On Tuesday, Chaney ruled that the plaintiffs could pursue their case before a jury under a legal theory that the subsidiaries acted as Unocal’s agents.

Petrocelli said he believed “the jury would find exactly the same thing” as the judge had previously — that Unocal was not responsible for the alleged actions of Myanmar’s soldiers. The country’s military dictatorship has been criticized internationally for its human rights record, which includes the detainment of Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi.

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