Is climate change under threat with the U-turn Australia has made by repealing the law that requires companies to pay for carbon emissions? Or is it just a reality confronting an economy that is suffering a downturn and dealing with political issues that overcome environmental imperatives?
Those viewing Australia’s moves however see it with concern and worry that it will potentially disassemble the countries who have worked towards achieving trading emission allowances, as the New York Times reports.
After a long political battle over the costs of the Australian plan, the repeal won final legislative approval on Thursday with the strong backing of the conservative government of Prime Minister Tony Abbott. The plan, which was built around a tax on carbon emissions and was one of the most ambitious and prominent of its type, was a contentious issue in Australian politics since it was enacted by the previous center-left government in 2012
Opposition politicians and environmentalists in Australia reacted with dismay, saying the move made Australia the first country to reverse progress on fighting climate change. It was also viewed with disappointment by proponents of establishing a global carbon-pricing system as the most effective way of reining in emissions. Australia is one of the world’s largest sources of carbon emissions, and its policies have been watched closely by other nations as they struggle to agree on ways to control global warming.
Australia’s system was of particular interest to other countries because it was to have been linked with a similar trading program in Europe.
Beginning next year, Australian businesses were to be able to buy European emissions allowances to use under the Australian program. A full two-way link between the two systems was to be in force by July 2018.
This arrangement would have connected Europe’s program, the world’s largest, to what looked likely to be the third-largest. The deal might have served as a pilot for linking other systems emerging around the world, including those in China and California.
“It is quite a setback to the global discussion of linking schemes and moving toward a global carbon market,” said Marcus Ferdinand, an analyst at Point Carbon, a research firm based in Oslo.
The Australian vote also further complicates long-running efforts by the United Nations to forge a global climate change treaty in 2015, aimed at committing the world’s largest economies to making deep cuts in their carbon pollution.
This fall, at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, government leaders are expected to lay out their proposed domestic commitments for that deal. Australia’s vote to gut its signature climate policy is likely to come under severe criticism at the meeting.
In Europe, officials expressed disappointment at Australia’s action.
“The European Union regrets the repeal of Australia’s carbon-pricing mechanism just as new carbon-pricing initiatives are emerging all around the world,” said the European climate action commissioner, Connie Hedegaard. “The E.U. is convinced that pricing carbon is not only the most cost-effective way to reduce emissions but also the tool to make the economic paradigm shift the world needs.”
Australia’s Senate voted 39 to 32 on Thursday to approve the repeal of the measure. The House of Representatives voted earlier in the week to repeal it.