Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can be a difficult subject to discuss for a number of valid reasons.
TBI is considered “the hidden disability” because many people with a TBI also have other, more visible injuries. On the other hand, those people with a TBI and no collateral injuries may appear to be unimpaired and can function in every day society.
Unless a TBI is dramatic and severe, doctors hesitate to use the term “traumatic brain injury.” The average person doesn’t want to consider themselves “brain damaged.” Therefore doctors tend to use language such as “post concussive symptoms” and “post concussive syndrome.”
A person can suffer a TBI from an invasive head injury, usually involving skull fracture and foreign object penetration, or a person can suffer a closed head injury which may or may not be accompanies by external trauma, such as bruises and abrasions.
However, any person who has experienced a TBI, whether an open head injury or a closed head injury, will inevitably encounter the almost universal symptoms of TBI syndrome. These include short and long term memory loss, irritability, anti-social behavior, mood swings, uncontrollable emotions, and motor dysfunction.
When these symptoms occur with a history of head trauma, a TBI must be considered. Unfortunately, a damaged brain does not have the ability to self-diagnose, so diagnosis must be obtained from a medical doctor, preferably a neurologist or neurosurgeon.