MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. – October 20, 2005 – LAWFUEL – The Law News Network – Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG) today announced financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2005.
“Although this is typically a slower season for Internet properties, we had another exceptional quarter,” said Eric Schmidt, Google chief executive officer. “Our focus on end users and on quality of information and advertising worldwide continues to work extremely well. We are very pleased with how well this is working at scale.”
Google reported record revenues of $1.578 billion for the quarter ended September 30, 2005, up 96% compared to the third quarter of 2004, and up 14% compared to last quarter. Google reports its revenues, consistent with GAAP, on a gross basis without deducting traffic acquisition costs, or TAC. This quarter, TAC totaled $530 million, or 34% percent of advertising revenues.
We have reported operating income, net income and earnings per share
(EPS) on a GAAP basis and have also provided related non-GAAP, or pro forma, results on a supplemental basis below. Please also refer to the section below titled “About non-GAAP financial measures.”
· GAAP operating income for the third quarter was $529 million. This compares to $476 million in the second quarter, an increase of 11%. Non-GAAP operating income was $596 million, compared to $523 million in the second quarter, an increase of 14%. · GAAP net income for the third quarter was $381 million as compared to $343 million in the second quarter, an increase of 11%. Non-GAAP net income was $437 million, compared to $381 million in the second quarter, an increase of 15%. · GAAP EPS for the third quarter was $1.32 on 290 million diluted shares outstanding, compared to $1.19 for the second quarter, on 287 million diluted shares outstanding. Non-GAAP EPS was $1.51, compared to $1.33 in the second quarter. · Non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP EPS are all pro forma measures, computed net of stock-based compensation
(SBC) and in-process research and development (IPR&D) charges. This quarter, the SBC charge was $46 million as compared to $47 million in the second quarter. The IPR&D charge was $21 million this quarter, with no IPR&D charge in the second quarter. The IPR&D charge relates to an acquisition in the third quarter. Tax benefits related to SBC charges have been excluded from non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. The tax benefit related to SBC totaled $11 million in the third quarter and $9 million in the second quarter. · Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to GAAP operating income, net income, EPS, and research and development (R&D) expenses are included at the end of this release.
Revenues – Revenues in the third quarter totaled a record $1.578 billion, representing a 96% increase over third quarter 2004 revenues of $806 million, and a 14% increase over second quarter 2005 revenues of $1.384 billion. Growth since last quarter was driven by the continued expansion of our global advertiser base and partner network, as well as by product improvements, and more than offset the expected seasonal slowdown in traffic.
Google Sites Revenues – Google-owned sites generated $885 million, or 56% of total revenues. This represents a 20% increase over the second quarter revenues of $737 million.
Google Network Revenues – Revenues generated on Google’s partner sites, through AdSense programs, contributed $675 million, or 43% of total revenues. This is a 7% increase over network revenues of $630 million generated in the second quarter.
International Revenues – Revenues from outside of the United States contributed 39% of total revenue, compared to 39% in the second quarter and 35% in the third quarter of 2004.
TAC – Traffic Acquisition Costs, the portion of revenues shared with Google’s partners, increased to $530 million. This compares to total payments to partners of $494 million in the second quarter. TAC as a percentage of advertising revenues decreased to 34.0% in the third quarter from 36.1% in the second quarter, reflecting the continued shift in our revenue mix from Google network revenue to Google site revenue.
Operating Margins – GAAP operating income in the third quarter was $529 million, or 33.5% of revenues. This compares to GAAP operating income of $476 million, or 34.4% of revenues, in the second quarter. Non-GAAP operating income in the third quarter was $596 million, or 37.8% of revenues. This compares to non-GAAP operating income of $523 million, also 37.8% of revenues, in the second quarter. Increases in research and development (R&D) and general and administrative (G&A) spending as a percentage of revenues were balanced by growth in higher margin Google site revenue, resulting in steady margins quarter over quarter.
Income Taxes – Our effective tax rate remained steady at 31% this quarter and continues to reflect the mix of business generated in the U.S. and business generated through our Irish subsidiary. Our provision for income taxes was not materially affected by stock option activity, although we did realize a $105 million reduction to our income taxes payable as a result of this activity. We expect that the effective tax rate for the full year of 2005 will be approximately 30%. However, if future revenues recognized by Google’s Irish subsidiary are not as proportionately great as expected, Google’s effective tax rate will be higher than our expectations.
Cash Flow and Capital Expenditures – Net cash provided by operating activities for the third quarter totaled $647 million as compared to $625 million for the second quarter. Free cash flow, an alternative non-GAAP measure of liquidity, is defined as cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. This quarter we generated $354 million in free cash flow. Our capital expenditures in the quarter were $293 million as compared to $157 million last quarter, and primarily reflect acquisitions of additional land and office space to support our headquarters in Mountain View, California, and purchases of production servers and networking equipment. We are now estimating over $800 million in capital expenditures for 2005.
Adjusted EBITDA – Adjusted EBITDA is defined as income before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, SBC, and IPR&D. It is another alternative non-GAAP measure of liquidity to GAAP net cash provided by operating activities. Adjusted EBITDA increased to approximately $672 million in the third quarter, or 43% of revenues, from $590 million, or 43% of revenues, in the second quarter.
Reconciliations of free cash flow and adjusted EBITDA to net cash provided by operating activities, the GAAP measure of liquidity, are included at the end of this release.
Cash – As of September 30, 2005, Google had a cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities balance of just over $7.6 billion, of which $4.3 billion was raised during a follow-on equity offering that was completed this quarter.
On a worldwide basis, Google employed 4,989 full time employees as of September 30, 2005, up from 4,183 as of June 30, 2005.
Webcast and conference call information
A live audio webcast of Google’s third-quarter earnings release call will be available at http://investor.google.com/news.html. The call begins today at 1:30 PM (PT) / 4:30 PM (ET). This press release, the financial tables, as well as other supplemental information including the reconciliations of certain non-GAAP measures to their nearest comparable GAAP measures, are also available at that site. A replay of the call will be available beginning at 7:30 PM (ET) through midnight Thursday, November 3, by calling 888- 203-1112 in the United States or
719- 457-0820 for calls from outside the United States. The required confirmation code for the replay is 7995844.
Forward looking statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including statements relating to our anticipated effective tax rate and our expected capital expenditures for 2005. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted include, among others, risks related to our international operations, the mix of our US revenue as compared to our non-US revenue, the fact that we may have exposure to greater than expected tax liabilities, and our need to expend capital to accommodate the growth of our business, as well as those risks and uncertainties included under the captions “Factors That Could Affect Future Results” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” in our report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2005, which is on file with the SEC and is available on our investor relations website at investor.google.com and on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2005, which will be filed with the SEC in November 2005. All information provided in this release and in the attachments is as of October 20, 2005 and Google undertakes no duty to update this information.
About non-GAAP financial measures
To supplement Google’s consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP, Google uses the following measures defined as non-GAAP financial measures by the SEC: non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP EPS, free cash flow, adjusted EBITDA, and non-GAAP R&D expenses. The presentation of this financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. For more information on these non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned “Reconciliations of non-GAAP results of operations measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures,” “Reconciliations of non-GAAP liquidity measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures,” and “Reconciliation of non-GAAP research and development expenses to GAAP research and development expenses” included at the end of this release.
Google’s management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding our performance and liquidity by excluding certain expenses and expenditures that may not be indicative of our core business operating results. Google believes that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing Google’s performance and when planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management’s internal comparisons to Google’s historical performance and liquidity and our competitors’ operating results. We include these non-GAAP financial measures because we believe they are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision making.
Google has computed its non-GAAP liquidity measures using the same consistent method from quarter to quarter and year to year. Google expects to use consistent methods for computation of other non-GAAP financial measures introduced this quarter, including non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP R&D expenses. The accompanying tables have more details on the GAAP financial measures that are most directly comparable to non-GAAP financial measures and the related reconciliations between these financial measures.