PREET BHARARA, the United States Attorney for the
Southern District of New York, announced that PAUL CAI, a/k/a
“Arthur Tsoi,” a member of a Chinese organized crime group, was
sentenced today to 360 months in prison for shooting two
individuals in Toronto, Canada, on July 20, 1994, in connection
with the group’s heroin trafficking activities. CAI pleaded
guilty to two counts of murder on July 16, 2007, before United
States District Judge DEBORAH A. BATTS, who also imposed the
sentence today in Manhattan federal court. FRANK MA, the leader
of the organization, was sentenced to life in prison by Judge
BATTS on February 8, 2010. BING YI CHEN, a/k/a “Ah Ngai,” the
lieutenant of MA’s criminal enterprise who helped plan the
murders, was sentenced to 35 years in prison by Judge BATTS on
January 4, 2010.
According to the Superseding Indictment in this case,
the evidence at the trial of BING YI CHEN, and CAI’s guilty plea
From 1991 through 1996, the Frank Ma Organization was
engaged in the importation of millions of dollars worth of heroin
from Asia into the United States for distribution in New York
City. In the summer of 1994, MA’s principal heroin supplier in
Hong Kong called MA and asked MA to kill his drug partner in
Toronto, Canada. MA agreed to arrange the murder as a favor for
the supplier and to strengthen their lucrative criminal
partnership. As a result, MA summoned several of his followers,
including CAI, from Southern California to New York City, briefed
them on their mission, provided them with a photograph of and
addresses for the intended victim, and then dispatched the hit
team to Toronto to carry out the killing.
MA gave CHEN the task of preparing CAI and the rest of
the hit team. CHEN, a lieutenant in the criminal organization
and one of MA’s longest-serving followers, traveled to Canada
with the leader of the hit team to scout out where the intended
victim lived and worked; went with the leader of the hit team to
obtain guns for the murder; attempted to smuggle those guns
across the Canadian border; and picked up members of the hit team
from the airport, giving each of them $2,000 for their trip.
On July 20, 1994, PAUL CAI and one other member of the
hit team shot their way into a business office where the intended
victim was supposed to be, and killed KWAN KIN MING and YIP PAK
YIN, two office workers. Neither MING nor YIN was involved in
narcotics trafficking, and neither was the intended victim.
The convictions of MA, 57, CHEN, 42, and CAI, 35, were
the result of 10 years of investigative work into the MA
organization, which has, to date, resulted in 13 convictions.
Mr. BHARARA praised the efforts of the FBI’s Asian
Organized Crime Task Force, comprised of Special Agents of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation and Detectives of the New York
City Police Department, for their work on the investigation. Mr.
BHARARA also praised the Combined Forces Special Enforcement
Unit, a Toronto-based Asian Organized Crime Task Force, and the
Toronto Police Service, for the vital and ongoing assistance they
have provided in the investigation.
This case is being prosecuted by the Office’s Organized
Crime Unit. Assistant United States Attorneys JONATHAN B. NEW
and MICHAEL M. ROSENSAFT are in charge of the prosecution.